How many us senators from each state
Senators address the Senate standing next to their desk. Early history Zelizer, Julian E.
Each state elects two senators, while seats in the House of Representatives are apportioned by state according to population, with each state receiving a minimum of one representative. After each decennial census, the House of Representatives used to increase in size, but in the s overall membership was capped at it expanded temporarily to after Alaska and Hawaii were admitted as states in Now, after each census, legislative seats are reapportioned, with some states increasing their number of representatives while other states may lose seats.
The number of representatives in the U. House of Representatives by state is provided in the table. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.
Additionally, all 50 states maintain requirements related to running for election. These filing requirements vary and can include:. Besides the representative from each state, there are a small number of Delegates and a Resident Commission. There are 21 regular standing committees and one permanent select committee in the U. There are also several joint committees with the U.
The committees are permanent panels governed by House chamber rules, with responsibility to consider bills and issues and to have general oversight relating to their areas of jurisdiction. Sincethe party of a newly elected president has suffered an average loss of 23 seats in the House in the following midterm.
The Senate and the United States Constitution
The party of a newly elected president has gained seats in the House in the from midterm only twice since then; Democrats gained nine seats in following Franklin D.
Roosevelt's first presidential election inand Republicans gained eight seats in following George W. Bush 's election to the presidency in More House seats that are currently held by Republican incumbents are expected to be in play than in an average congressional election. On the other hand, Democratic seats that were won by Donald Trump in will also be among top targets in Prior to the election, The Republican Party had the majority in the U.
Republicans held seats compared to Democrats' seats, while three seats were vacant. The Republican Party's majority was slightly reduced inas Democrats picked up six seats.
All of the seats in the U. House were up for election in To regain control of the House, Democrats needed a pick-up of 15 seats. Instead, Republicans saw a net senator in seats. According to each analysis by Ballotpedia, only 26 congressional districts were predicted to be competitive in Elections to the U.
House were held on November 6, All seats were up for election. Seal of the U. Upper house of the United States Congress. Mike Pence R Since January 20, Orrin Hatch R Since January 6, Chuck Schumer D Since January 3, John Cornyn R Since January 3, Dick Durbin D Since January 3, History of the United States Senate.
Current many by seniority by class. Party leadership of the United States Senate. Executive session Morning business. Quorum Quorum call How. Saxbe fix Seal Holds. Senatorial courtesy Standing Rules.The Senate and the House of Representatives Explained (Congress - AP Government Review)
Senate office buildings Dirksen Hart Russell. List of United States Senate elections. Constitution of the United States Law Taxation. Presidential elections Midterm elections Off-year elections. Democratic Republican Third parties. Seniority in the United States Senate. Closed sessions of the United States Senate. United States congressional committee.
List of current United States Senators. Retrieved October 4, The Yale Law Journal. Berke September 12, The New York Times. Friedman March 30, A Reappraisal of the Seventeenth Amendment, —". Agenda Content and Senate Partisanship, ". Article 1, Section 1 ". Retrieved March 22, Notes of the Secret Debates of the Federal Convention of Retrieved September 17, Retrieved November 17, United States Printing Office. Retrieved November 13, Massachusetts Great and General Court.
Retrieved October 2, Retrieved June 19, Retrieved July 11, Retrieved November 10, Retrieved February 8, Gold, Senate Procedure and Practicep. Every member, when he speaks, shall address the chair, standing in his place, and when he has finished, shall sit down.
Lazing on a Senate afternoon". Voting in the Senate". Retrieved April 11, Zelizer, On Capitol Hill describes this process; one of the reforms is that seniority within the majority party can now be bypassed, so that chairs do run the risk of being deposed by their colleagues.
See in particular p. Retrieved January 1, The Invention of the United States Senatep. A Study in American Politicspp. According to the Library of Congressthe Constitution provides the origination requirement for revenue bills, whereas tradition provides the origination requirement for appropriation bills. Text common to all printings or "editions"; in Papers of Woodrow Wilson it is Vol. Retrieved November 20, ; Ritchie, Congress p.
The Senate of the United States: A Bicentennial History Krieger, The Senators, the Representatives and the Governors: Brady and Mathew D. Party, Process, and Political Change in Congress: The Years of Lyndon Johnson. Master of the Senate. Press of Kansas, Politics and Policy in the th and th Congresses ; massive, highly detailed summary of Congressional activity, as well as major executive and judicial decisions; based on Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report and the annual CQ almanac.
Congressional Quarterly Congress and the Nation: Congress and the Nation: Breaking the Heart of the World: Woodrow Wilson and the Fight for the League of Nations. Congress and Its Members6th ed. Legislative procedure, informal practices, and member information Gould, Lewis L. The Most Exclusive Club: Hubris and Heroism in the U.
Senate, — Sharpe, The Road to Mass Democracy: Original Intent and the Seventeenth Amendment. Popular elections of senators Lee, Frances E.
Classes of United States Senators
Sizing Up the Senate: The Unequal Consequences of Equal Representation. MacNeil, Neil and Richard A. Oxford University Press, The United States Senate Years, — From Obstruction to Moderation: The Transformation of Senate Conservatism, — Press Mann, Robert.
The Walls of Jericho: Harcourt Brace, Ritchie, Donald A. Congress and the Washington Correspondents. The Congress of the United States: A Student Companion 2nd ed.
A Very Short Introduction. The Making of an American Senate: Reconstitutive Change in Congress, — Mike Mansfield, Majority Leader: Bicameral Resolution in Congress. Always a Loyal Democrat.
Arkansas Democrat who was Majority leader in s Wilson, Woodrow. Houghton Mifflin, ; also 15th ed.
United States Senate
Wirls, Daniel and Wirls, Stephen. Early history Zelizer, Julian E. The Building of Democracy overview. The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the Absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of President of the United States. Before Constitutional framers designated the vice president as the president of the Senate on September 7,they granted senators the right to choose other Senate officers, including those from outside the elected body.
The Senate modeled its own offices of the secretary, the sergeant at arms, and the doorkeeper after positions established in the Continental Congress.
Unlike the secretary and the sergeant at arms, the president pro tempore is an elected member of the Senate, chosen by the Senate to preside in the absence of the vice president. While other states provided stand-ins for presiding officers, New York specified the arrangement in its constitution: Rather than disadvantage one state by elevating its senator to a non-voting position, framers made the vice president the president of the Senate.
The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members present.
Current members of the United States Senate
Early in the Constitutional Conventionmost delegates agreed that the inclusion of an impeachment provision would help to hold national officers accountable for their actions. Based on those of the British Parliament and the state constitutions, the Senate impeachment provision gave senators the responsibility for trying impeached officials, including the president of the United States. Throughout the summer ofcommittee members reported impeachment plans to the full convention.
The preliminary resolutions were considered by the Committee of the Whole and returned to selected delegates for further revision. In June and July, the framers debated the merits of involving Congress in the impeachment process. The constitutional plan then went for review to the Committee of Eleven, consisting of one member from every state represented at the convention. Arguing that the executive would become dependent on the legislature, Madison opposed Senate impeachment trials.
In The Federalist, No. Furthermore, the British Parliament and the state constitutions provided similar models for legislative impeachments. Penalties for conviction ranged from fines to jail, banishment, or death. Madison, in The FederalistNo. In New York, members of the legislature and the judiciary served on a court of impeachment, while in New Jersey, select officers could be dismissed by the upper house on impeachment by the lower house.
The clearest antecedent to the U. He shall have Powers, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur. Constitution, Article II, section 2, clause 2]. As they debated the controversial treaty-making clause, the delegates to the Constitutional Convention considered, but did not follow in whole, those precedents with which they were most familiar.
In Great Britain, treaties were made by the king and, in certain cases, had to be approved by a majority vote in Parliament.United States House of Representatives Seats by State
The Continental Congress, which had no executive branch, dispatched agents to negotiate treaties. The treaties only went into effect after two-thirds nine out of thirteen of the states approved the documents. While the delegates agreed that the states could not continue to make treaties with foreign powers, they disagreed over the manner in which the United States should negotiate, draft, and ratify international pacts.
Several delegates opposed granting the Senate sole control over treaty-making. While some wanted the executive to have that responsibility, others advocated involving the entire legislature in the process. On September 4, the Committee of Eleven reported a treaty clause that appeased many of the delegates: