How big does a pond need to be for bass
Do not go out and catch some fish from another pond and put them in your new pond. You will be going down hill from that point on and will eventually have to start all over. The bass gains more weight by eating one four inch bream than ten two-inch bream.
If there is a large rock on the edge of the pond, ease up to it and fish from either side of it.
How to Catch the Big Bass in Farm Ponds
You can also use trees this way also. Try it and I guarantee you'll start to catch some big bass. The next thing you can try, if you're going to be doing a lot of pond fishing, is to buy one of the heavy duty little boats that is made like an inner tube. You actually strap it on around your waist and get into the water in it. Make as little of noise as you can and if you are going to need to use a paddle secure it to you with a rope and paddle yourself around slowly. Approach from the shallow water and fish into the deeper water. If the wind is blowing even slightly it will move you around the average farm pond.
Most of these inner tube type devices have places for your tackle and etc. But you will still have to be as quite as possible and not make sudden movements. I have sat for several hours in farm ponds in one of these type of devices and caught some real nice bass.
If you're in a farm pond in one of the inner tube devices or in other type of boat be as quite as you can and don't make sudden movements. Keep talking to an absolute minimum and work from deep water casting in towards the shore and you can come up on some big bass this way.
Try to find out everything you can about what's under the water in the pond you're in. If you know about rocks, trees, and other things under the water, you will be able to catch more fish.
In the spring and summer natural baits may work better than at other times of the year. Ask the owner of the farm pond what type of bait other people have caught bass on. But know that while night crawlers may work fine in the fall they may not work at all during other times of the year. You have to deduce what the big bass are feeding on and you have to offer them something similar to what they are feeding on. In the local farm ponds in Western North Carolina rubber worms with a spinner work well most of the time if you fish it right. Another thing is you need to do your own research and find out at what depth the fish are biting at.
And in most cases it will go from shallow depths in the early summer to deeper depths later in the fall, to the deepest depths in winter.
You would be well advised to learn everything about every farm pond you fish. Keep a journal and make notes and over time you will see patterns develop.
Now the advantage here is the theory that this bass is easier to catch. So you have to decide if you want easy to catch or do you want a bass to take home to show the folks? The Florida Hybrid Bass is second in demand for stocking.
Now that you know the different types of Bass, lets get started with some tips on raising really big Bass. In order to raise large bass, you have to make it easy for the bass to get their food. The less energy that the bass has to exert to obtain something to eat, the more weight the bass will put on. Bass are cannibalistic and will eat almost anything that moves. The primary food source for the bass is the bluegill, bream or small minnows. All sizes of bream are necessary for the bass consumption. The bass gains more weight by eating one four inch bream than ten two-inch bream.
Ten of the smaller fish causes the bass to have to exert more energy to obtain that food. Therefore, nice size bream are desirable to produce a trophy bass. The very first consideration in pond management is your water quality. Having a water analysis is a smart move. One water test consists of many parts. Your alkalinity should be over 51 parts per million ppm, hardness should be at least 12ppm with 21 being excellent, and pH should be between 6.
If you are feeding real heavy, have your ammonia checked. Any traces of ammonia found in a water analysis are not acceptable.
How to Build a Pond for Bass
Liming will correct most of these problems. Not liming a pond is a sure way to have a pond with lots of problems. Fish farmers or fish biologists should be able to conduct a water analysis with accuracy. Contact your local soil conservationists or your county agent for the amount of lime required for your area. A fertilizing program should be implemented and followed religiously. There are only five times that you do not fertilize your pond: You ONLY fertilize scale fishponds not pure catfish ponds. It is better not to fertilize than to half way fertilize or to fertilize improperly.
A good fertilizing program will add two to three times more fish to your pond than a non-managed pond. So you can see how important a management program is. There are different types of fertilizer that can be used mainly granule or liquid. All of them are good and have advantages and disadvantages. Liquid fertilizer will have to be diluted because it is heavier than water and will go to the bottom and will not do you any good.
Granule fertilizers will have to be kept off of your mud so that the water can utilize the fertilizer and not your mud.
For every three to five surface acres, you will need a fertilizing platform or designated area. A fertilizing program will start at the beginning of spring when the water temperature reaches above 60 degrees and you can stop in the fall when the water temperature cools to below 60 degrees. You will fertilize approximately every 21 days. The best way to tell if your pond needs fertilize is a visual testcan you see further than 18 inches in your pond? If so fertilizing is needed. Tack an aluminum pie pan on the end of a broom handle, submerse it in the water 18 inches deep, if you can see the pan, you need to fertilize.
Be careful not to over fertilize.
Different types of fertilizer require different amounts of fertilizer. Normally liquid fertilizer requires about one gallon per surface acre. Granule fertilizer such asrequires application of about 40 pounds per surface acre.
Liquid usually is You might like to experiment with the different types to determine your personal preference. There are many other fertilizer mixtures, we have only discussed a few. A fertilized pond will increase fish production two to three times. The fertilizer is a food source and so an infertile pond will not provide the food that a fertilized pond will.
The first consideration is food--bluegills, in particular. Expect a range of to 1, comestibles per acre. You'll need 10 bluegills for every bass.
Other goodies include perch and fathead minnows. Gizzard or threadfin shad are also possibilities. In the case of McFarland's 6-acre pond, he spiked the punch with mature bass, Florida bass, and 50 pellet-trained bass for spectators' benefit when the critters do dinnertime cartwheelscomplemented with a buffet of bluegills, perch, and 45 pounds of fatheads. One year is also long enough for the bass to reach sexual maturity and start to spawn. McFarland's pond, which he stocked last year, should be producing small though catchable bass this spring and a selection of 2- to 5-pounders in two more years.
How big and how fast the bass grow depends on food plus genetics: The mix of pure Floridas and pure natives will breed a pool of offspring that should not only grow big but also withstand the rigors of cold weather. Even so, Lusk says Floridas are best stocked south of a geographical line running approximately through Oklahoma City, Little Rock, Memphis, and Nashville. Often, the food chain can't do everything on its own, which rules out laissez-faire stewardship.
Seek the guidance of pond consultants regarding phosphorus- and nitrogen-based fertilizers and timed feeders to subsidize the food chain. Lake Fork--like monsters are one thing. Plenty of bass and panfish for entertainment purposes are another. Catfish are one more possibility. So, too, are pond excavations with deep water around the edges for shore-fishing opportunities. And if one pond entrepreneur builds with his grandchildren's grandchildren in mind, another does so for the here and how.
Take the case of an year-old who figured he hadn't the time to wait for little fishes to grow up.