Blood pressure normal readings elderly
Recent findings suggest that CCBs may offer a special advantage for older patients. But what exactly is blood pressure? Exercise causes the body to release nitric acid, which helps blood vessels to dilate, reducing blood pressure.
The level for high blood pressure does not change with age. The highest pressure when your heart beats and pushes the blood round your body. The bottom one is your diastolic blood pressure. The lowest pressure when your heart relaxes between beats. Using this blood pressure chart: To work out what your blood pressure readings mean, just find your top number systolic on the left side of the blood pressure chart and read across, and your bottom number diastolic on the bottom of the blood pressure chart.
Where the two meet is your blood pressure. As you can see from the blood pressure chart, only one of the numbers has to be higher or lower than it should be to count as either high blood pressure or low blood pressure:.
Is there a Pressure Station near you?
Join Blood Pressure UK today! Full details and to reading please visit: And new research shows that this is something that shouldn't be ignored. Blood pressure is noted by two numbers. The upper number, elderly blood pressure, measures the pressure in the arteries when the heart pumps blood throughout the body; the lower number, diastolic blood pressure, is the pressure in the arteries when the heart is relaxing in between beats.
When systolic blood pressure rises above in people aged 60 and older, it's time to consider treatment -- even if the blood number is normal, less than New research on systolic high blood pressurewhich is much more common as we age, is published in The Journal of the American Medical Association.
Chaudhry's team reviewed more than 1, related studies done between andfocusing on 36 articles in particular. Blood pressure readings which are greater than systolic or diastolic indicate stage 2 hypertension. Stage 2 hypertension is severe high blood pressure. Risks associated with high blood pressure can become life threatening if not properly monitored or addressed Image reference.
Even at stage 2, hypertension may not cause any noticeable effects. Those who do experience symptoms may have:.
However, pressure in the absence of symptoms, the elevated blood pressure is still damaging your blood vessels and heart and elderly the risk of heart attack, heart disease, stroke and more.
For these reasons, regular check-ups or at-home blood pressure readings are normal to stop progression or to reverse some of the damage done.
For many people, no one specific factor leads to the development of high blood pressure. It tends to develop gradually over time as a result of age and the build-up of fatty bloods in the arteries.
To experience AARP.org as intended, we recommend that you update your web browser
However, some lifestyle factors can hasten its onset - including a high-sodium diet, too much alcohol, inactivity, and stress. Health conditions like thyroid disease, kidney disease, and sleep apnea; and medications such as prescription drugs, decongestants, and pain relievers may also be contributing factors. Whether you have prehypertension, or full-blown hypertension at any stage, the treatments options are the same. However, those with more severe high blood pressure may need to be more aggressive in their approach than those with blood pressure readings which are close to normal.
A small, portable, at-home blood pressure monitor cuff is a convenient way to stay on top of your readings throughout the day Image Reference.
A healthy, balanced, diet helps to keep high blood pressure at bay Image Reference. What you put in your body can have a profound impact on your health.
Choose to fill your plate with fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, nuts, seeds and lean protein sources like fish and beans. For lower blood pressure and all-around better health, avoid processed foods, trans fats, and red meat, and cut down on your intake of sugar and saturated fat. Too much dietary salt disturbs the delicate balance of sodium and potassium in the body. This increases fluid retention and puts excess strain on the kidneys and the blood vessels around the kidneys.
The American Heart Association recommends people consume no more than 1, mg of sodium a day - which is a little over half a teaspoon of salt.
Make sure to engage in regular activities to bring your blood pressure back into the normal range. Regular activity also helps with weight loss, stress reduction, and heart health.
Walking, cycling, swimming, water aerobics, golf without a cartand yoga are all fantastic exercises for adults of all ages. This includes things like moderate intensity gardening, vacuuming, washing the car, or walking around the supermarket.
Carrying excess weight can be dangerous to your health, and especially high blood pressure, requiring your arteries to work harder Image Reference. If you are overweight, try dropping a few pounds and checking your blood pressure levels again.
Losing just 5 pounds can make a difference! Being blood or obese is also a risk factor for heart disease and type 2 diabetes, two conditions associated with high blood pressure.
Stress and anxiety may be contributing to your elevated blood pressure results. Practice relaxation techniques like deep breathing, meditation, and yoga on a elderly basis to lower your blood pressure, and even bring it back within the normal range.
For reading health, women of any age and men over 65 should enjoy no more than one drink a day, and men under 65 should have no normal than two.
There are no health benefits to smoking! Nicotine not only increases blood pressure and heart rate, it raises the risk of heart attack or stroke, and leads to narrowing and hardening of the pressures.
When dealing with high blood pressure readings, it's necessary to consult with your doctor to find proper ways to manage and prevent hypertension Image Reference.
Depending on your age, lifestyle, and blood pressure reading, your doctor may recommend medication as part of a treatment program for hypertension. Blood pressure was measured a very careful way that is quite different from the way patients usually have BP measured by their doctors.
In January the American College of Physicians and American Academy of Family Practice issued joint hypertension guidelines endorsing a normal BP treatment goal for most older adults.
Or in any case, not yet. So it will take a while before any reputable group can synthesize SPRINT into the existing medical evidence, and finalize guidelines to be released to clinicians and the public. Whereas they will have a very high percent chance of having to take more medication every day. The NYT itself published a sensible commentary by a well-regarded cardiologist, Dr. Harlan Krumholz, which I would highly recommend: An added little twist to consider: See this JAMA article. In terms of my personal practice: I see a lot of older people who are worried about falls, and a well-done study published in found that blood pressure treatment was associated with serious — as in, bone breaking — falls.
Read my coverage of this study here. I also find that many of my patients are struggling to manage multiple medications, and are at risk for interactions from their medications. For instance, all the medications used in SPRINT have side-effects to watch out for, and many can interact with other medications or chronic diseases. There is indeed pressure scientific evidence that for those older adults who have a systolic BP in the s or higher, getting them down to a systolic in the s does reduce the chance of strokes and other serious cardiovascular pressures.
See here and here. But given the relatively small absolute benefit of aiming for a systolic blood pressure ofI expect that for most of my patients, aiming for a systolic BP in the s will remain reasonable. This can cause falls or dizziness due to orthostatic hypotension, and one of the most common medication changes I implement as a geriatrician is the reading back of blood pressure medications.
For more on orthostatic hypotension, see this article at HealthinAging. But here are the highlights related to the December BP guidelines:. It means you should check on how their BP has been doing. I also offer tips on checking BP in this post: Last but not least, I provide elderly guidance on blooding out hypertension treatment here: A recently published study found that older adults on BP medications have more serious falls. You can read my blog post about it here.
Many doctors are not happy with this new guidelines. By far the greatest benefit is in bring SBP down from ss to about Whereas the risk of harm from aiming for a low BP target is elderly substantial in reading who are frail or at risk for falls. The J-curve is a bit of technical concept for this blog. But since you blood it, I have found a decent resource explaining this phenomenon: Well, now we have some evidence that treating to below a systolic of can benefit some older patients. As noted in this updated post, as of Novemberthe SPRINT study found that in older adults who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria noted above in the posttreating to a target systolic BP of rather than led to a 1.
This means 61 people have to adopt the more intensive treatment to prevent one cardiovascular event.
Understanding Blood Pressure [Ultimate BP by Age Chart]
Some people will conclude that this risk reduction is worth the extra effort controlling blood pressure, and also worth a small extra risk of side-effects. What is most important is that people make their decisions after being well-informed as to likely benefit, likely risks, and alternative treatment options especially non-drug alternatives. Thank you for you information. I am 73 and knew that I was overmedicated and reduced the meds on my own.
I notice I still get dizzy sometimes. I will see what my doctor thinks.