What type of battle was the battle of midway
Whereas many earlier historical accounts considered the Aleutians operation as a feint to draw American forces away, early twenty-first century research has suggested that AL was intended to be launched simultaneously with the attack on Midway. The Battle of Tassafaronga. No longer are large ships the key to victory; the airplane became more important in battle.
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What significance was the Battle of Midway?
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Edit Answer by Throatspasmkid. A lessor naval force defeated a superior naval force The US ability to crack Japan's radio code led to Japan's defeat. Main ships were not battleships The result increase the morale of the U. Navy as well as the American people By having the Carrier Yorktown available, it showed that the Pearl Harbor raid six-months earlier missed a main target - the dry repair docks.
The victory by the U. By defeating Japan at Midway, the U.
What Was the Battle of Midway?
It was only the second time that a naval battle was fought by ships who never sighted each other both sets of ship were over each others horizon. What was so special about the Battle of Midway and the significance of the it? What was the significance of the Battle of Midway?
What is the significance of The Battle of Midway? Answer Questions To what extent did the Reformation impact western civilization? Did the French attack Pearl Harbor or was it the Russians? Problems faced by the national government under the Articles of Confederation? If Hitler was a Jew, Why did he hate Jews?
The fighter patrols which protected the Japanese aircraft carriers were all at low altitude after intercepting the American torpedo bombers, when suddenly 37 Dauntless dive bombers from the Enterprise appeared high above the Japanese carriers, whose flight decks were then full of many fueled and armed bombers ready for take off, making them extremely vulnerable to bomb damage at these moments.
The 37 American dive bombers immediately dived to attack. One group attacked the Japanese carrier Kaga and the other attacked the carrier Akagi, Nagumo's flagship. Only 6 bombs hit, 2 hit Akagi and 4 hit Kaga, but the two aircraft carriers quickly became blazing infernos. Just a few minutes later, the last American formation, the Yorktown's 17 dive bombers, arrived and attacked a 3rd Japanese carrier, the Soryu.
Soryu was hit by 3 bombs and had to be abandoned, it was later sunk by an American submarine. The short but devastating attack by the American dive bombers was over. Nagumo lost 3 of his 4 aircraft carriers in just a few minutes. He then launched the 40 aircraft from his last carrier, the Hiryu, to attack the American aircraft carriers.
The Japanese formation spotted the American carrier Yorktown and attacked it.
Unlike the Japanese fighters, the American fighters protecting the Yorktown were ready and in proper altitude. The Japanese formation suffered very heavy losses by the Yorktown's fighters and anti-aircraft fire, but at least 7 Japanese dive bombers and torpedo bombers were able to attack it.
Its dive bombers and fighters landed on Enterprise, and it was later sunk.
The two remaining American aircraft carriers were ordered to launch their dive bombers again, to find and sink the 4th Japanese carrier, which lost most of its aircraft in the attack on the Yorktown. A while later a Japanese cruiser was sunk by dive bombers from Hornet. The Japanese force still greatly outnumbered the American force, and initially Admiral Yamamoto wanted to continue the battle, but then he realized that with the loss of the 4 aircraft carriers and their air units, his battleships and the invasion force became too vulnerable to American air attacks.
He then decided to retreat his large Armada from Midway. The battle of Midway was over, with a great and decisive American victory. Results and lessons from the battle of Midway The US lost one aircraft carrier and aircraft. Japan lost its four best aircraft carriers, with their entire crews, air crews, and aircraft, and also one cruiser. The aircraft carriers battle of Midway has some lessons: Intelligence - the American commander knew in advance where and when to expect the Japanese attack and he prepared accordingly.
RADAR - the critical importance of its ability to provide early warning was demonstrated again in Midway. The importance of technology in general was demonstrated.Categories you should follow
The importance of air superiority, both in attack and in defense, was also demonstrated. The importance of professionalism, by everyone: Spotting his flight decks and launching aircraft would require at least 30—45 minutes to accomplish.
Japanese carrier doctrine preferred fully constituted strikes, and in the absence of a confirmation of whether the American force contained carriers, Nagumo's reaction was cautious. In the end Nagumo made the fateful decision to wait for his first strike force to land, and then launch the reserve strike force which would by then be properly armed.
Meanwhile, the Americans had already launched their carrier aircraft against the Japanese. Admiral Fletcher, in overall command on board Yorktownand armed with PBY sighting reports from the early morning, ordered Spruance to launch against the Japanese as soon as was practical.
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Fletcher, upon completing his own scouting flights, followed suit at This diminished the overall impact of the American attacks, and greatly increased their casualties. American carrier aircraft began attacking the Japanese carrier fleet at However, despite their terrible sacrifices, the American torpedo planes indirectly achieved two important results. First, they kept the Japanese off balance, with no ability to prepare and launch their own counterstrike. Second, their attacks had pulled the Japanese combat air patrol out of position — not in terms of altitude as has commonly been describedbut by laterally distorting the CAP coverage over the Japanese fleet.
By chance, at the same time VT-3 was sighted by the Japanese, two separate formations comprising three squadrons total of American SBD Dauntless dive-bombers were approaching the Japanese fleet from the northeast and southwest. These formations, despite having had difficulty in locating the Japanese carriers had now — by sheer luck and some good decision-making on the part of their respective squadron commanders — arrived in a perfect position to attack the Japanese.
However, contrary to some accounts of the battle, recent research has demonstrated that the Japanese were not prepared to launch a counterstrike against the Americans at the what they were decisively attacked. The few aircraft on the Japanese flight decks at the midway of the attack were either CAP fighters, or in the case of Soryu strike fighters being spotted to augment the CAP. Simultaneously, VT-3 was targeting Hiryualthough the American torpedo aircraft again scored no hits.
The dive-bombers, however, had better fortune. Within six minutes, the SBDs made their attack runs and left all three of their targets heavily ablaze. Akagi had been hit by one bomb battle a near miss which caused crucial rudder damage Soryu by three, and Kaga by at least four and likely more. All three carriers were out of action, and would eventually be abandoned and scuttled. Subsequent to the air attacks, the American submarine Nautilus SS fired torpedoes at what her crew thought was the Soryu, but which later research suggests was the Kaga.
The Nautilus crew claimed that one torpedo hit the carrier, causing 'flames. Of the four fish fired, one failed to run, two ran erratically, and the fourth was a 'dud,' impacting amidships and breaking in half.
Hiryunow the sole surviving Japanese flight deck, wasted little time in counterattacking. The first strike of Japanese dive-bombers badly damaged the Yorktownyet her engineers patched her up so quickly that the second strike of torpedo bombers mistook her for an intact carrier. Despite Japanese hopes to even the battle by eliminating two carriers with two strikes, Yorktown absorbed both Japanese attacks.
She was now out of the battle, but Task Force 16's two carriers had escaped undamaged as a result. The same torpedo salvo sank the destroyer Hammann ] When American scout aircraft subsequently located Hiryu later in the afternoon, the Enterprise and Hornet launched a final dusk strike of dive bombers against the last Japanese carrier that left her ablaze. As darkness fell, both sides took stock, and made tentative plans for continuing the action. Admiral Spruance was now in tactical command of the American forces as Admiral Fletcher had been obliged to abandon the derelict Yorktown. Spruance knew that he had won a great victory, but he was still unsure of what Japanese forces remained at hand, and was determined to safeguard both Midway and his carriers.
Consequently, he decided to retire east during the evening, so as to not run into a night action with Japanese surface forces that might still be in the area. In the early morning hours, he returned to the west to be in a position to cover Midway should an invasion develop in the morning. For his part, Yamamoto initially decided to continue the effort, and sent his remaining surface forces searching type for the American carriers. Simultaneously, a cruiser raiding force was midway to bombard the island that very night.
Eventually, however, as the night waned without any sign of the Americans, the reality of the situation imposed its own logic, and at Was beating its retreat in battle column at night, the Japanese cruiser bombardment force suffered a further trial. A sighting of the American submarine Tambor forced the cruiser formation to initiate radical evasive maneuvers. Mogami failed to adjust its course correctly for a column turn, and rammed the port quarter of her sistership Mikuma. Over the following two days, first Midway and then Spruance's carriers launched several successive strikes against the stragglers.
Mikuma was eventually sent to the bottom, while Mogami managed to successfully fend off the bombers, and lived to fight another day. Fleming was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for his attack on the Mikumaalthough contemporary research has revealed that neither Fleming's bomb nor his aircraft actually struck the ship itself. Having scored a clear victory, American forces retired.