How to write an annotated bibliography citation
For Educators — Citation Guides. Mar 17, 2: The author of this article stresses the age factor over violence as the real reason for opposition to video games and stresses the good gaming has done in most areas of human life.
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Bibliographies are sometimes called "References" or "Works Cited" depending on the style format you are using. A bibliography usually just includes the bibliographic information i.
Depending on your project or the assignment, your annotations may do one or more of the following.
For more help, see our handout on paraphrasing sources. For more help, see our handouts on evaluating resources. Your annotated bibliography may include some of these, all of these, or even others.
APA Style Guide: Annotated Bibliography
If you're doing this for a class, you should get specific guidelines from your instructor. To learn about your topic: Writing an annotated bibliography is excellent preparation for a research project.
APA Citation Guide (6th edition): Annotated Bibliography
Just collecting sources for a bibliography is useful, but when you have to write annotations for each source, you're forced to read each source more carefully. First, locate and record citations to books, periodicals, and documents that may contain useful information and ideas on your topic.
Briefly examine and review the actual items. Then choose those works that provide a variety of perspectives on your topic.
Write a concise annotation that summarizes the central theme and scope of the book or article. Include one or more sentences that a evaluate the authority or background of the author, b comment on the intended audience, c compare or contrast this work with another you have cited, or d explain how this work illuminates your bibliography topic. For guidance in critically appraising and analyzing the sources for your bibliography, see How to Critically Analyze Information Sources. Annotation Generally, an write is approximately words in length one paragraph.
An annotation may include the following information: Anything Goes with Ecological Niche Modelling. This paper critiques the use of Ecological Niche Models ENM and species distribution by annotated a tongue- in-cheek examination of the distribution of the fictional Sasquatch, based on reports from an online Bigfoot archive.
Lozier's paper powerfully demonstrates the issues faced by ENM, when reports come from non-specialists, and highlights key problems with sourcing citations from unmediated how environments. The author neglects to compare the reliability of the many wildlife databases with the single Bigfoot database, as well as other key issues; however in closing, the paper briefly mentions that many issues lie outside the scope of the short article. Lozier's paper advises professionals in fields using ENM to carefully assess the source of the data on which the model is based and concludes that the bibliography of rare species in particular is often over-reported to misidentification.
APA style format Hanging Indents are required for citations in the bibliography, as shown below. Video script available here:.
What is an Annotated Bibliography? An annotated bibliography is a list of citations for various books, articles, and other sources on a topic.
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The annotated bibliography looks like a Works Cited page but includes an annotation after each source cited. Annotated bibliographies can be part of a larger research project, or can be a stand-alone report in itself. A summary annotation describes the source by answering the following questions: