Itchy genital warts during pregnancy
Our content does not constitute a medical consultation. Genital warts are spread through sexual intercourse, so they are classified as a sexually transmitted disease STD , and can affect both men and women. If you have HPV, you're probably wondering how it will affect you and baby throughout pregnancy.
For "catch-up," the CDC also recommends that teens and young women ages 13 to 26 be vaccinated against HPV, regardless of their Pap test results. The vaccine works best before an individual has been exposed to HPV. Early vaccination provides the greatest chance of preventing cervical cancer and genital warts.
Older girls and young women were included in the CDC recommendations because even if they've had some exposure to HPV, it may not be to the strains contained in the vaccine, so they will likely still get some protection.
The CDC recommends the HPV vaccine for boys aged 11 or 12 years and for males 13 through 21 years if they have not previously had the shots. It is also recommended for bisexual or gay men and men with compromised immune systems through age 26 if they have not previously had the shots. Treatment depends on the size and location of the warts.Access Denied
Even though the warts may be removed, there may still be some virus remaining in the skin, which is why the warts often return. Some of the medications used to treat genital warts cannot be used during pregnancy, so it's important to tell your doctor if you could be pregnant.
Small warts may be treated with medications applied to the skin. In some cases, applying liquid nitrogen cryotherapy to warts will freeze the tissue and make warts disappear.
Some larger warts require laser treatment, or surgical wart. Do not treat genital warts yourself with nonprescription drugs genital for pregnancy removal on hands, because these chemicals can make the genital area very sore.
Your doctor may prescribe a medication that you can apply to the warts at home. Apply this medication carefully to avoid damaging surrounding healthy tissue, keep it out of your eyes and wash it off after the number of hours your doctor instructs you to leave it on. Your doctor also may suggest that you apply a protective coating of petroleum jelly on delicate surrounding tissue before you apply your prescribed medication.
In some cases, your doctor may use a small needle to inject alpha-interferon into each wart. Alpha-interferon injections are usually considered only if other treatment methods are unsuccessful or if warts come itchy after being removed. Contact your physician if you notice warts or bumps on your genital area, or if you have itching, burning, tenderness or pain in that area.
Overview Pregnancy Complications Treatment Outlook. Article resources Genital warts.
High-risk human papillomavirus at entry to prenatal care and risk of preeclampsia. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2 Was this article helpful? It often has few or no Home Remedies for Genital Warts: Learn about 7 home remedies to treat genital warts. Guide to Vaginal Lumps and Bumps Vaginal lumps and bumps are common and can be caused by many different conditions.
What Are the Differences? Genital Warts Genital warts are soft growths that occur on the genitals. Genital warts are a sexually transmitted infection STI If you have genital warts, it may be a sign of HPV.
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Having an itch on or around your testicles or your scrotum, the sack of skin that holds your testicles in place, Others, called low-risk HPV, can cause genital warts: Sometimes the warts will grow together and look kind of like a cauliflower and may bleed.
HPV During Pregnancy
A Pap smear can check for HPV on your cervix. Genital warts are often diagnosed by a physical exam. It might be more common than you think. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, at least 50 percent of sexually active people get HPV at some point in their lives.
The risk to your baby is small. In many cases, there are no obvious symptoms. If you do get symptoms, they can take anywhere from a month to a year or longer to show up after you're exposed to genital HPV.
A few of the more than 40 different strains of genital HPV may cause you to develop genital warts. Some types of HPV cause the common warts you can get on your hands and feet, but genital HPV strains usually affect only the genital area. Genital warts are very contagious. Researchers estimate that about 65 percent of people who have sex with a partner with warts will end up developing warts themselves.
The warts usually show up in or around your vagina and vulva, near your anus and in your rectum, on your cervix, and sometimes on the skin near the groin area. You can also get warts in your mouth and throat from performing oral sex on an infected partner, but this is rare. The warts are soft and skin-colored or lighter.
They can be small or large, flat or raised. There may be one or many, sometimes growing in clusters with a cauliflower-like appearance. They're usually painless, though they may occasionally itch, burn, or bleed.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) during pregnancy
In about 20 percent of women, the warts go away on their own within three months. For most other women, treatment will help to clear up the warts, though they may recur. In some cases, genital HPV causes changes in your cervical cells that are detectable on a Pap smear. Often these changes are mild and go away on their own. But if you have one of the so-called "high-risk strains" of HPV, it may cause more serious cell changes. These cell changes may turn into cancer — usually many years later — if you don't get the necessary treatment.
These high-risk strains are the cause of almost all cervical cancer.
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Note that these strains are not the same ones that cause genital warts. That's one reason it's so important for all women to get regular Pap smears and for those who have abnormalities to follow up with any necessary testing and treatment. The good news is that in the vast majority of cases, the immune system keeps the virus under control or destroys it — even the high-risk strains.