How to deal with challenging behaviour in autism
People with autism find visual supports both helpful and reassuring. You can also encourage good behaviour by using our 15 behaviour tips. It will take time for them to understand this and know that they can with support have more control over their behaviour.
As a result, they often do not understand what people are saying to them i. Visual communication systems can be useful in teaching and in informing individuals of what is planned and what is expected of them. Sometimes behavioral problems occur when the person is over-excited. In these cases, treatment should be aimed at calming the person.
Some popular calming techniques include: In some cases, behavioral problems may be due to a low level of arousal such as when the person is passive or bored. Behaviors such as aggression and destructiveness may be exciting, and thus appealing, to some of these individuals. If one suspects behavior problems are due to underarousal, the person should be kept busy or active. Vigorous exercise is another good way to increase arousal level. Food allergies are an often overlooked cause of behavior problems.
Some individuals may have red ears, red cheeks, or dark circles under their eyes. We also have specific information about the possible reasons for, and suggest strategies to address:.
Behaviour has a function, and there could be a number of reasons for it. These may include difficulty in processing information, unstructured time, over-sensitivity or under-sensitivity to sensory stimulia change in routinetransition between activities, or physical reasons like feeling unwell, tired or hungry.
Not being able to communicate these difficulties can lead to anxietyanger and frustration, and then to an outburst of challenging behaviour.
Completing a behaviour diarywhich records what is occurring before, during and after the behaviour, could help you to understand its purpose. It is important to make notes on the environment, including who was there, any change in the environment and how the person was feeling. A diary may be completed over a couple of weeks or longer if needed. Be consistent in your approach to the behaviour, and ask others around the person to use the same consistent approach.
Speak clearly and precisely using short sentences. By limiting your communicationthe person is less likely to feel overloaded by information and more likely to be able to process what you say.
Or like typically developing children, she just might not want to. Sensory sensitivities If your child has sensory sensitivitieshe might like feeling or touching particular surfaces or objects. Discomfort This could include things like the feeling of clothes against skin, a prickly label, wet pants, a bump or pain. For example, maybe your child rocks back and forth while crying.
Challenging behaviour: children and teenagers with autism spectrum disorder
Family routines and behaviour can be different on weekends and weekdays. Note that sometimes there might be more than one trigger for a behaviour.
Here are some examples:. Sensory overload can be one of the main causes behind behaviour that we find hard to understand and challenging to deal with. There is usually a reason behind any challenging behaviour.
The reason may not seem immediately obvious to us and we may need in deep exploration to understand why the child is behaving in this way. The next challenge is then what to do about it.
By developing an understanding about autism many challenging behaviours can be pre-empted, minimised or avoided with good preparation. The first step when trying to establish why a child is presenting challenging behaviour would be to go back to basics:.
It's important to bear in mind that there may be more than one reason behind challenging behaviour. Finding out why a person with autism is exhibiting the behaviour is a matter of trial and error. In the case of high functioning children, ask them first, they may be up to tell you straight away.
It's important to use teamwork, involve those working with them as well as family members. Don't forget that people with autism are often more anxious than people who do not have autism. If something becomes unbearable their anxiety may take over.