Concept of digital divide and how it can be bridged
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Actor—network theory Social construction of technology shaping of technology Sociology of knowledge scientific Sociology of scientific ignorance Sociology of the history of science Sociotechnology Strong programme. Antiscience Bibliometrics Boundary-work Consilience Demarcation problem Double hermeneutic Mapping controversies Paradigm shift Pseudoscience Science citizen communication education normal post-normal rhetoric wars Scientific method consensus controversy enterprise misconduct Scientometrics Team science Traditional knowledge ecological Unity of science Women in science STEM.
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Digital divide Evidence-based policy Factor 10 Science policy history of science of Politicization of science Regulation of science Research ethics Socio-scientific issues Technology assessment Technology policy Transition management.
The Role of e-Governance in Bridging the Digital Divide
Intergenerational equity Intergenerational struggle Generationism. Generational accounting Digital divide. Intergenerational shared site Inter-generational ministry. Theory of generations Strauss—Howe generational theory.
Immigrant generations Revolutionary generation Future generation. South—South cooperation and Third Worldism. Landlocked developing countries Least Developed Countries Heavily indebted poor countries. Emerging markets Newly industrialized country Transition economy. Economic classification of countries. Developed country Developing country Least Developed Countries World Bank high-income economy Newly industrialized country Heavily indebted poor countries.
By country past and projected per capita per capita. By country future estimates per capita per capita per hour worked per person employed.
Nominal, Atlas method per capita PPP per capita. Gross National Happiness Net material product Research and development spending. Alter-globalization Anti-globalization Counter-hegemonic globalization Cultural globalization Deglobalization Democratic globalization Economic globalization Environmental globalization Financial globalization Global citizenship education Global governance Global health History of globalization archaic early modern Military globalization Political globalization Trade globalization Workforce globalization.
Capital accumulation Dependency Development Earth system Fiscal localism Modernization ecological history of Primitive accumulation Social change World history World-systems. If we take into consideration that there are many countries with problems such as illiteracy, lack of running water or widespread famine, this approach is deficient. International organizations should adopt a comprehensive approach, using both quality and quantity based indicators.
Evaluation has a vital role in measuring the success or failure in the implementation of various methods for bridging the digital divide. The involvement of Governments and suitable e-government tools could become leading actors in bridging the gap. Governmental ICT applications could play a crucial part in diminishing the digital divide between the young and elderly, women and men, the illiterate and the educated, or even between less developed regions and countries.
The media, along with the local authorities and academia, can and should be a major tool for efficient and effective communication and dissemination. The Governments of developing countries should raise the priority of e-government applications in their request for international assistance and collaboration as well as international financial support.
The next step must be the harmonization of e-government regulations, building and reaching a consensus in the implementation of a basic-kit of interconnected and interoperable e-services. Some people say that the Internet is rapidly transforming our society.
ICT, the computer, and the associated networks play an increasingly important role in the process of learning and in people's careers. Accordingly, the existing digital divide has a negative impact on people living in less developed regions, as well as those in the lower socio-economic strata.
The only stakeholders who can provide equal opportunities are the Governments, so they should assume a leading role in e-governance as a key instrument in closing the divide. The key elements in developing e-governance as a defining factor in bridging the digital divide are:. Two best practices examples illustrate the benefits that e-governance can provide. The first example is the e-health application designed by the Egyptian Government in order to provide free breast cancer screening to Egyptian women above the age of The system is based on satellite connectivity so that the tests can be transmitted from remote units.TEDxSanMigueldeAllende - Aleph Molinari - Bridging the Digital Divide
This e-service helps with the early stage treatment of breast cancer in a non-discriminatory manner. The second best practice case comes from Nigeria, where the Government initiated an e-agriculture application to help the agricultural sector. Economic equality Some think that the access to the Internet is a basic component of civil life that some developed countries aim to guarantee for their citizens. Telephone is often considered important for security reasons.
Health, criminal, and other types of emergencies might indeed be handled better if the person in trouble has an access to the telephone. Another important fact seems to be that much vital information for people's career, civic life, safety, etc.
and Even social welfare services are sometimes administered and offered electronically. Social concept Some believe that computer and computer networks play an increasingly important role in their learning and career, so that education should include that of computing and use of the Internet.
Without such offerings, the existing digital divide works unfairly to the children in the lower socioeconomic status. In order to provide equal opportunities, governments might offer some form of support. Democracy Some think that the use of the Internet would lead to a healthier democracy in one way or another.
Among the most ambitious visions are that of increased public participation in elections and decision making processes. Economic growth Some think that the development of information infrastructure and active use of it would be a shortcut to economic growth for less developed nations. A June U. Proponents for closing the divide divide include those who argue it would improve literacy, democracy, social mobility, economic equality and economic growth. By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and its partners.
If you reside outside of the United States, how consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States. An internal audit IA is an organizational initiative to monitor and analyze its own business operations in order to determine Pure risk, also called absolute risk, is a category of threat that is beyond human control and has only one possible outcome if Risk assessment is the identification of bridges that could digital impact an organization's ability can conduct business.
A computer exploit, or exploit, is an attack on a computer system, especially one that takes advantage of a particular Cyberwarfare is computer- or network-based conflict involving politically motivated attacks by a nation-state on another Insider threat is a generic term for a threat to an organization's security or data that comes from within.