Facility layout in operations management.ppt
Published by Modified over 2 years ago. Not particularly vulnerable to equipment failures. Layout that can handle varied processing requirements.
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Facility layout ppt 1. It is also called as flow-shop layout or straight line layouts. The machines are arranged according to the progressive steps by which the product is made. In this layout dissimilar machines are grouped into cells and each cell functions like product layout. It reduces in-process inventory and automate the production but reduces the flexibility.
Less investment is required in this layout and less transport cost as bulky machines are not moved. Ford discovered that great economies could be made by moving stocks to the assembly staff rather than having them leave their workplace to get materials. He also noted that costs could be greatly reduced by providing that workers with all the necessary tooling and thereby eliminating tool rooms.
The great emphasis placed on efficiency in transporting materials in ford factories seems to have been the motivating factor that led to the development of an assemble line. Highly susceptible to shutdowns.
Individual incentive plans are impractical. Used for Intermittent processing. Job Shop or Batch. Used for Repetitive Processing.
Not particularly vulnerable to equipment failures. Equipment used is less costly. Possible to use individual incentive plans.
Challenging routing and scheduling. Equipment utilization rates are low.
Material handling slow and inefficient. Complexities often reduce span of supervision.
Special attention for each product or customer. Accounting and purchasing are more involved.
The grouping into part families of items with similar design or manufacturing characteristics. Line Balancing Line Balancing is the process of assigning tasks to workstations in such a way that the workstations have approximately equal time requirements. Show related SlideShares at end.
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